STIs are common throughout the world, but they are particularly prevalent in the United States. According to the CDC, there are about 20 million new cases each year. Here are the five most common STIs in the US according to official reports.
Each year, there are at least 14 million new cases of the human papillomavirus (HPV) in the US. Because most types of this virus don’t cause any symptoms, it will often go undetected. But HPV testing is essential, as the virus also causes cervical cancer.
With 2 million new cases a year, Chlamydia is also among the most common STIs in the US. This is a bacterial infection that affects the genitals. It can cause some serious health problems, including infertility in women. To treat the infection, doctors will prescribe antibiotics.
Also known as trich, this parasitic infection affects women more often than men. Each year, there are a million new cases of trichomoniasis in the US. Common symptoms include genital discharge and a burning sensation while urinating. They may come and go on their own, but antibiotics can speed up the recovery.
About 800,000 new cases of gonorrhea occur each year in the US. This bacterial infection can affect the mouth, the genitals, and the anus. Like Chlamydia, if untreated, it can cause infertility in women, as well as in men. The standard treatment includes two antibiotics: azithromycin and ceftriaxone.
5. Herpes 2 Simplex
There are between 600,000 and 800,000 new cases of genital herpes each year. This puts it very high on the list of the most common STIs in the US. The herpes virus can cause blisters in the mouth, as well as warts on the genitals. While there is no known cure for herpes, some topical treatments can help reduce the outbreak.
If you’re worried you may have contracted an STI, ask your doctor about the available STI tests. Most of them are usually symptomless, which is why testing is important for your overall health.